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Economic Growth-Female Labour Force Participation Nexus: An Empirical Evidence for Pakistan


  • Nooreen Mujahid

    (Department of Economics, University of Karachi, Karachi)

  • Naeem uz Zafar

    (Institute of Business Administration, Karachi.)


Economic literature shows significant attention towards the role played by Female labour force in the economic development of nations. The structural changes of economies from agriculture to industrial and services sector reduce the female labour force participation in case of developing nations like Pakistan. This study investigates the nexus between economic growth and female labour force participation for Pakistan’s economy over the period of 1980-2010. In this respect, an attempt is made to find out the U-shaped curve between Female labour force and economic development by employing ARDL technique and Granger causality. The results show long run and U-shaped association between economic development and female labour force participation in case of Pakistan. Our study shows that an increase in education and dynamics of economic activity increases the female labour force participation in later stage of development.

Suggested Citation

  • Nooreen Mujahid & Naeem uz Zafar, 2012. "Economic Growth-Female Labour Force Participation Nexus: An Empirical Evidence for Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 51(4), pages 565-586.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:51:y:2012:i:4:p:565-586

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:aic:revebs:y:2017:j:19:doganb is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Saba Jameel & Muhammad Zahid Naeem, 2016. "Impact of Human Capital on Economic Growth: A Panel Study," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 5(4), pages 231-248, December.

    More about this item


    Female Labour Force; Economic Growth; Development; Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General


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