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The economic background of Rizal’s time

Author

Listed:
  • Benito J. Legarda Jr.

Abstract

We survey economic conditions just before and during the lifetime of Jose Rizal, roughly leading to the second half of the 19th century, on three levels: that of the world, of the Spanish Empire, and of the Philippines. We show how in this period, coinciding with the first era of globalization, of discord within the Spanish Empire and of incipient prosperity in the archipelago, the economic and social foundations were laid for Rizal and his contemporaries to conceive of and demand greater autonomy and, ultimately, independence.

Suggested Citation

  • Benito J. Legarda Jr., 2011. "The economic background of Rizal’s time," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 48(2), pages 1-22, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:48:y:2011:i:2:p:1-22
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    File URL: http://pre.econ.upd.edu.ph/index.php/pre/article/view/664/770
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    Cited by:

    1. Benito Legarda, Jr, 2012. "The Spanish ßag over an Anglo-Chinese commercial colony: the Philippines in the 19th century," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 49(2), pages 41-50, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    globalization; Spanish Empire; Spanish economic policy; 19th-century Philippine economic conditions;

    JEL classification:

    • N00 - Economic History - - General - - - General
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N45 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Asia including Middle East
    • N75 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Asia including Middle East
    • F54 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism

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