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The impact of globalization on employment in the Philippines

Author

Listed:
  • Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr.

    () (Philippine Institute for Development Studies)

Abstract

This paper presents one of the few empirical estimates of the impact of globalization, here represented by trade flows, on employment level and structure using Philippine data. Using both aggregate and sub-industry level manufacturing data, the paper shows that increases in the propensity to export shift the demand for labor upward. It also shows that the impact of the propensity to import on labor demand is unclear, yielding from significantly positive to insignificant coefficients. In terms of employment structure, the impact of openness on the proportion of women workers is not significant at the aggregate level; at the manufacturing sub-industry level, however, the increase in the propensity to export is a boon for women workers. Finally, increases in export propensity increase the proportion of low-skilled production workers both at the aggregate and manufacturing sub-industry level.

Suggested Citation

  • Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr., 2002. "The impact of globalization on employment in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 39(2), pages 1-36, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:39:y:2002:i:2:p:1-36
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    globalization; trade; employment; Philippines;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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