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Risk-Adjustment in Long-Term Health Insurance Contracts in Germany


  • Johann Eekhoff

    () (University of Cologne, Economic Policy Departement, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, D-50923 Cologne, Germany.)

  • Markus Jankowski

    () (University of Cologne, Economic Policy Departement, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, D-50923 Cologne, Germany.)

  • Anne Zimmermann

    () (University of Cologne, Economic Policy Departement, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, D-50923 Cologne, Germany.)


In the private health insurance (phi) market in Germany ageing provisions are used to reduce age-related premium increases in long-term contracts. Currently, the provisions are not transferred if the insured person switches to another provider. Thus, there are no incentives for the insured to cancel their old policy because they would have to pay higher premiums for the same services under a new contract due to higher age and the loss of their ageing provisions. There is a long-standing discussion if it is possible to intensify competition on the phi-market in Germany. The main question is whether the transferring of ageing provisions would lead to risk selection or not. We have reconsidered Meyer's model of transferable risk-adjusted ageing provisions.1 It has been shown that it is indeed possible to prevent risk selection in a competitive phi-market. We will present a number of counter-arguments to the most frequently stated criticism of the model.2The Geneva Papers (2006) 31, 692–704. doi:10.1057/palgrave.gpp.2510097

Suggested Citation

  • Johann Eekhoff & Markus Jankowski & Anne Zimmermann, 2006. "Risk-Adjustment in Long-Term Health Insurance Contracts in Germany," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 31(4), pages 692-704, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:gpprii:v:31:y:2006:i:4:p:692-704

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    Cited by:

    1. Annette Hofmann & Mark Browne, 2013. "One-sided commitment in dynamic insurance contracts: Evidence from private health insurance in Germany," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 81-112, February.
    2. Christine Arentz & Johann Eekhoff & Susanna Kochskämper, 2012. "Private health insurance: a role model for European health systems," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 13(5), pages 615-621, October.
    3. Susanna Kochskämper, 2012. "Reformdebatten in der Krankenversicherung vor dem Hintergrund des europäischen Binnenmarktes," Otto-Wolff-Institut Discussion Paper Series 02/2012, Otto-Wolff-Institut für Wirtschaftsordnung, Köln, Deutschland.

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