Riqueza Mineral Y Pobreza En Los Andes
This article examines the paradox found in mineral-rich Andean countries where the sustained economic growth observed over the last decade has not provoked a corresponding decrease in poverty. The impact of the expansion of the extractive industries (mining and hydrocarbons) on these countries is addressed from the perspective of political economy, indicating that the permanence of poverty, in particular rural poverty in areas where mineral wealth is concentrated, can be explained by inconsistencies between the significant amount of tax revenue that national and regional governments receive from these industries and the ways in which said revenue is used in public policy. Among the factors which explain these inconsistencies are the failure of the State to design and implement social policies and the limitations of a development strategy based on the exploitation of non renewable resources. The argument is illustrated by the cases of Bolivia and Peru.Este art�culo analiza la parad�jica situaci�n de pa�ses Andinos ricos en recursos minerales que muestran una tendencia sostenida de crecimiento econ�mico y, al mismo tiempo, elevadas tasas de pobreza. Bajo una perspectiva de econom�a pol�tica se discute c�mo la expansi�n de las industrias extractivas (miner�a e hidrocarburos) si bien ha generado un importante flujo de ingreso fiscal, no muestra impacto significativo en la reducci�n de pobreza, principalmente de las zonas rurales donde se localiza la extracci�n de recursos. Entre los principales factores que explicar�an este hecho est�n la debilidad del aparato estatal para dise�ar e implementar pol�ticas sociales y las limitaciones propias de una estrategia de desarrollo basada en la explotaci�n primaria de recursos no renovables. El argumento se ilustra con casos de Bolivia y Per�.
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Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
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