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Rural Poverty Reduction Policies in Honduras, Nicaragua and Bolivia: Lessons from a Comparative Analysis

  • Crist�bal Kay


    (International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.)

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    A common trait of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) in Bolivia, Honduras and Nicaragua is the relative lack of priority assigned to the rural sector despite the high incidence of poverty found there, as well as their inability to focus on the key determinants of rural poverty. The dynamics of the PRSP process and their impact on rural poverty are analysed. Although the factors accounting for the poor results attained by poverty reduction strategies vary between the countries discussed, a common factor is the limited capacity of the State to design and implement development strategies that are able to tackle the structural causes of poverty, and hence achieve substantial and sustainable reductions in poverty. This conclusion is reinforced by a comparative analysis with South Korea and Taiwan, which have succeeded in significantly reducing poverty through a growth with equity developmentalist strategy.Les Documents de Stratégie de Réduction de la Pauvreté de la Bolivie, du Honduras et du Nicaragua ont en commun la relative absence de priorité donnée au secteur rural, malgré l′incidence élevée de pauvreté dans ce secteur, ainsi qu′une incapacité à se pencher sur les déterminants clés de la pauvreté rurale. Les dynamiques du processus des DSRP et leur impact sur la pauvreté rurale sont analysés. Si les facteurs expliquant les résultats médiocres obtenus par les stratégies de réduction de pauvreté varient en fonction des pays, un des facteurs communs à ces pays est la capacité limitée de l′État à concevoir et mettre en œuvre des stratégies de développement qui s′attaquent aux causes structurelles de la pauvreté, et ainsi de réaliser une réduction significative et durable de la pauvreté. Cette conclusion est renforcée par une analyse comparative avec la Corée du Sud et Taïwan qui ont su réduire significativement la pauvreté, grâce à une stratégie de développement basée sur le principe de “développementale” is essentially used in psychology. « growth with equity » (la croissance par l′égalité).

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 249-265

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:2:p:249-265
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