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Living Off Uncertainty: The Intelligent Animal Production of Dryland Pastoralists

  • Saverio Kr&aauml;tli

    (IUAES Commission on Nomadic Peoples, UK)

  • Nikolaus Schareika

    (Institut f�r Ethnologie, G�ttingen, Germany)

Registered author(s):

    Malgré les importants progrès réalisés suite à la remise en question des modèles d′équilibre appliqués à l′écologie pastorale, le pastoralisme reste largement considéré comme une stratégie d′ajustement permettant tout juste aux éleveurs de survivre à partir de ressources ‘insuffisantes’. Cette position trouve son origine dans une approche adoptée depuis longtemps par les disciplines qui façonnent la planification du développement pastoral (gestion des ressources naturelles, écologie pastorale, zootechnie) qui consiste à s′appuyer sur des outils analytiques basés sur des statistiques standardisées et des valeurs moyennes. Pourtant, le pastoralisme se comprend mieux comme un système de production sui generis, qui exploite délibérément les concentrations fluctuantes de substances nutritives, ce dernier point constituant la principale caractéristique des terres arides; comme un système conçu pour maximiser la valeur de la production tout en stabilisant ses performances dans des environnements où ‘l’incertitude’ est exploitée pour la production. Les valeurs moyennes et statistiques standardisées ne permettent pas de prendre en compte la répartition non-uniforme (sur laquelle repose la production pastorale dans les milieux arides) et par conséquent ne doivent pas constituer les seules sources de la planification du développement pastoral.

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 5 (December)
    Pages: 605-622

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:22:y:2010:i:5:p:605-622
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