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Indian Generics Producers, Access to Essential Medicines and Local Production in Africa: An Argument with Reference to Tanzania

  • Sudip Chaudhuri

    (Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata)

  • Maureen Mackintosh

    (The Open University, Milton Keynes)

  • Phares G M Mujinja

    (Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam)

Registered author(s):

    Des nombreuses études sur la chaîne d′approvisionnement de médicaments essentiels destinés à l′Afrique font l′hypothèse de la stabilité de l′approvisionnement en médicaments génériques par les producteurs indiens. À partir d′une base de données indienne et d′entretiens, nous testons cette hypothèse. Dans une étude de cas concernant la Tanzanie, nous soulignons la nécessité et la faisabilité d′un renforcement de la production locale de médicaments essentiels. Nous identifions des mesures clés de politique industrielle, telles que une politique active d'achat par le gouvernement la mise en place de systèmes de protection industrielle, de biens publics – notamment des dispositifs législatifs, réglementaires et de formation – et des mesures d′incitation pour favoriser le développement de co-entreprises. Nous montrons que les fondations pour ces activités sont déjà en place, et soulignons l′urgence et la difficulté de ce défi politique. Pour le cas tanzanien, des enseignements peuvent être tirés de l′histoire industrielle indienne, et le statut de PMA (pays les moins avancés) de la Tanzanie lui procure certaines marges de manœuvre. Les politiques industrielles et de santé peuvent être davantage intégrées au bénéfice des citoyens tanzaniens. Le cas de la Tanzanie a des implications importantes pour les responsables politiques d’autres pays africains.

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (September)
    Pages: 451-468

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:22:y:2010:i:4:p:451-468
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