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Common but Differentiated Responsibilities: Which Way Forward?


  • Mariama Williams
  • Manuel F. Montes



Abstract The principle of common but differentiated responsibility (CBDR) has been based on the international community’s recognition of historical responsibilities and the principles of fairness and solidarity. It has been argued that the newly fashionable notion of universality overturns the principle. On the contrary, universality and common responsibility would be impossible in practice without responsibilities being differentiated because of disparities in capabilities, including those that are historically rooted, among human communities.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariama Williams & Manuel F. Montes, 2016. "Common but Differentiated Responsibilities: Which Way Forward?," Development, Palgrave Macmillan;Society for International Deveopment, vol. 59(1), pages 114-120, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:develp:v:59:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1057_s41301-017-0097-6
    DOI: 10.1057/s41301-017-0097-6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert Reinstein, 2004. "A Possible Way Forward on Climate Change," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 245-309, July.
    2. Paul G. Harris & Jonathan Symons, 2013. "Norm Conflict in Climate Governance: Greenhouse Gas Accounting and the Problem of Consumption," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 13(1), pages 9-29, February.
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    Equity; Universality; Efficiency; Development;


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