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Are High Interest Rates Effective for Stopping High Inflation? Some Skeptical Notes

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  • Calvo, Guillermo A

Abstract

High interest rates are considered an effective tool for stopping high inflation. The case for a policy of high interest rates is developed in terms of a conventional IS-LM model. However, among other things, the model ignores some central aspects of modern credit markets. In particular high interest rates may give rise to nonperforming bank loans, thus seriously jeopardizing the effectiveness of the policy. Examples are developed in which it would be optimal to aim for equilibriums of low, rather than high, interest rates. One of these examples hinges on the existence of nonindexed domestic debt. Copyright 1992 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Calvo, Guillermo A, 1992. "Are High Interest Rates Effective for Stopping High Inflation? Some Skeptical Notes," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 6(1), pages 55-69, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:wbecrv:v:6:y:1992:i:1:p:55-69
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    Cited by:

    1. Ali, Syed Zahid & Anwar, Sajid, 2013. "Inflation and interest rates in the presence of a cost channel, wealth effect and agent heterogeneity," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 286-296.
    2. Michael Dooley & Mark R. Stone, 1993. "Endogenous Creditor Seniority and External Debt Values," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(2), pages 395-413, June.
    3. Kaminsky, Graciela L. & Leiderman, Leonardo, 1998. "High real interest rates in the aftermath of disinflation: is it a lack of credibility?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 191-214, February.
    4. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Vegh, Carlos A., 1999. "Inflation stabilization and bop crises in developing countries," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 24, pages 1531-1614, Elsevier.
    5. Assaf Razin, 2019. "The Struggle Toward Macroeconomic Stability: An Analytical Essay," Israel Economic Review, Bank of Israel, vol. 17(1), pages 1-38.
    6. Mr. Guillermo Calvo & Mr. Carlos A. Végh Gramont, 1992. "Currency Substitution in Developing Countries: An Introduction," IMF Working Papers 1992/040, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Carlos Esteban Posada, 1997. "Una Presentación Gráfica de la Nueva Teoría de la Política Anti-Inflacionaria y el Caso Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 079, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Ni, Yinan & Barth, James R. & Sun, Yanfei, 2022. "On the dynamic capital structure of nations: Theory and empirics," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).

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