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Money and Loans

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  • Dan Bernhardt

Abstract

Agents expect to trade with each other infinitely often, but face a temporal absence of a coincidence of wants when they meet. Only loans and/or money can facilitate exchange. In small close-knit economies, enduring trade relationships are valued and loans are optimal. In larger economies, with limited communication, information concerning repayment of loans diffuses too slowly to deter agents from reneging unless loans are severely restricted in magnitude. Money has no such redeemability problems, but if Clower constraints bind, loans help supplement money purchases so that both become essential. Roles of various institutions and the historical evolution of media of exchange are explained.

Suggested Citation

  • Dan Bernhardt, 1989. "Money and Loans," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(1), pages 89-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:restud:v:56:y:1989:i:1:p:89-100.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.2307/2297751
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    Cited by:

    1. Jafarey, Saqib & Rupert, Peter, 2001. "Limited Commitment, Money, and Credit," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 99(1-2), pages 22-58, July.
    2. Hancock, Diana & Humphrey, David B., 1997. "Payment transactions, instruments, and systems: A survey," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(11-12), pages 1573-1624, December.
    3. Li, Ying-Syuan & Li, Yiting, 2013. "Liquidity and asset prices: A new monetarist approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(4), pages 426-438.
    4. Xavier Cuadras-Morató, 2009. "Circulation Of Private Notes During A Currency Shortage," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 77(4), pages 461-478, July.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/3515 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Wang, Yong & Zhou, Hanqing, 2001. "Money and credit in liquidity provision," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(11), pages 2041-2067, November.

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