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East Asian Free Trade Agreements in Services: Key Architectural Elements


  • Carsten Fink
  • Martín Molinuevo


Since the mid-1990s East Asian countries have negotiated 25 free trade agreements (FTAs) with a services component. There are important architectural differences in these agreements, which ultimately affect their value in promoting transparency, fostering the credibility of trade policies, and advancing market opening in services. This article reviews key architectural choices, focusing on the approach towards scheduling commitments, the treatment of investment and the movement of natural persons, rules of origin, provisions for the settlement of trade dispute, and selected deeper integration issues. In doing so, it assesses the advantages and drawbacks of different architectural approaches and discusses a number of lessons learned. , Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Carsten Fink & Martín Molinuevo, 2008. "East Asian Free Trade Agreements in Services: Key Architectural Elements," Journal of International Economic Law, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(2), pages 263-311, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jieclw:v:11:y:2008:i:2:p:263-311

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    Cited by:

    1. Ganeshan Wignaraja & Dorothea Ramizo & Luca Burmeister, 2012. "Asia-Latin America Free Trade Agreements : An Instrument for Inter-Regional Liberalization and Integration?," Governance Working Papers 23332, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. Hold, Arno & Wunsch-Vincent, Sacha, 2011. "Towards Coherent Rules for Digital Trade: Building on Efforts in Multilateral versus Preferential Trade Negotiations," Papers 251, World Trade Institute.
    3. Shepherd, Ben & Pasadilla, Gloria, 2012. "Services as a New Engine of Growth for ASEAN, the People’s Republic of China, and India," ADBI Working Papers 349, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    4. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:3:p:574-597 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Berisha-Krasniqi, Valdete & Bouet, Antoine & Estrades, Carmen & Laborde, David, 2011. "Trade and investment in Latin America and Asia: Lessons from the past and potential perspectives from further integration," IFPRI discussion papers 1060, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Aaditya Mattoo & Arvind Subramanian, 2011. "A China Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations," Working Paper Series WP11-22, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    7. Alexander Daniltsev & Olga Biryukova, 2015. "Beyond the GATS: Implicit Engines in Services RTAs," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 62(3), pages 321-337, June.
    8. Masahiro Kawai & Ganeshan Wignaraja, 2014. "Policy challenges posed by Asian free trade agreements: a review of the evidence," Chapters,in: A World Trade Organization for the 21st Century, chapter 8, pages 182-238 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    9. Ann Capling, 2011. "A comparison of the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement and P4 Agreement," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT,in: Trade-led growth: A sound strategy for Asia, chapter 6 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    10. Aaditya Mattoo & Arvind Subramanian, 2012. "China and the World Trading System," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(12), pages 1733-1771, December.
    11. Kawai, Masahiro & Wignaraja, Ganeshan, 2014. "Trade Policy and Growth in Asia," ADBI Working Papers 495, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    12. Batshur Gootiiz & Aaditya Mattoo, 2017. "Regionalism in Services: A Study of ASEAN," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 574-597, March.
    13. Christopher Findlay, 2011. "Services Trade and Investment Liberalization," Chapters,in: The Economics of East Asian Integration, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Claes G. Alvstam & Erja Kettunen & Patrik Ström, 2017. "The service sector in the free-trade agreement between the EU and Singapore: closing the gap between policy and business realities," Asia Europe Journal, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 75-105, March.
    15. Henry Gao, 2011. "Trans-Pacific strategic economic partnership agreement: High standard or missed opportunity?," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT,in: Trade-led growth: A sound strategy for Asia, chapter 5 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    16. Masahiro Kawai & Ganeshan Wignaraja, 2014. "Evolving trade policy architecture and FTAs in Asia," Chapters,in: New Global Economic Architecture, chapter 7, pages 148-171 Edward Elgar Publishing.

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