IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Patents and data-sharing in public science


  • Rebecca S. Eisenberg


Richard Nelson's The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research (1959) and Kenneth Arrow's Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention (1962) presented the basic analytical tools still used to understand the patent system. Two subsequent changes--one primarily legal and the other primarily technological--represent a sufficient departure from the prior state of the world as to call for ongoing re-examination of some old assumptions about the economics of R&D. First, an increase over time in the appropriability (and appropriation) of basic research results through the patent system raises new questions about the role of government funding. Second, the revolution in information technology (IT) and information networks has had reverberations outside the law of intellectual property in the evolving norms of the scientific community regarding data-sharing. This article examines these changes with particular attention to their impact on biomedical research, an area in which the patent system is generally thought to be particularly important to the incentives of innovators. Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Rebecca S. Eisenberg, 2006. "Patents and data-sharing in public science," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(6), pages 1013-1031, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:indcch:v:15:y:2006:i:6:p:1013-1031

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Lissoni, 2013. "Intellectual property and university–industry technology transfer," Chapters, in: Faïz Gallouj & Luis Rubalcaba & Paul Windrum (ed.),Public–Private Innovation Networks in Services, chapter 7, pages 164-194, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Benedikt Fecher & Sascha Friesike & Marcel Hebing, 2015. "What Drives Academic Data Sharing?," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 10(2), pages 1-25, February.
    3. Pénin, Julien, 2011. "Sur les conséquences du brevet d’invention dans la science : résultats d’une enquête auprès des inventeurs académiques français," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 87(2), pages 137-173, juin.
    4. Genevieve Pham-Kanter & Darren E Zinner & Eric G Campbell, 2014. "Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(9), pages 1-8, September.
    5. KWON Seokbeom & MOTOHASHI Kazuyuki, 2020. "Incentive or Disincentive for Disclosure of Research Data? A Large-Scale Empirical Analysis and Implications for Open Science Policy," Discussion papers 20058, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. Garau, M. & Mordoh, A. & Sussex, J., 2011. "Exploring the Interdependency between Public and Charitable Medical Research," Consulting Reports 000187, Office of Health Economics.
    7. Julien Pénin, 2009. "On the consequences of university patenting: What can we learn by asking directly to academic inventors?," Working Papers of BETA 2009-04, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    8. Pénin, Julien & Wack, Jean-Pierre, 2008. "Research tool patents and free-libre biotechnology: A suggested unified framework," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 1909-1921, December.
    9. Welch, Eric W. & Shin, Eunjung & Long, Jennifer, 2013. "Potential effects of the Nagoya Protocol on the exchange of non-plant genetic resources for scientific research: Actors, paths, and consequences," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 136-147.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oup:indcch:v:15:y:2006:i:6:p:1013-1031. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Oxford University Press). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.