Job Queues, Discrimination, and Affirmative Action
If employers have different Becker-type discrimination coefficients for different demographic groups, then the implementation of affirmative action may have a differential impact on those groups. We estimate two vector autoregressive models of the U.S. economy, including the unemployment rates of four demographic groups. We find that a job queue existed before the implementation of affirmative action and that affirmative action changed the ordering of the job queue in manner that had a negative impact on nonwhite males. We find evidence that affirmative action may have increased the unemployment rate of nonwhite males by increasing their duration of unemployment. Copyright 2000 by Oxford University Press.
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Volume (Year): 38 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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