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Comparative Analysis Of Global Tertiary Educational Systems

Author

Listed:
  • Ciumas Cristina

    () (Babes Bolyai University, Faculty of Economics and Bussines Administration)

  • Manta Stefan George

    () (Babes Bolyai University, Faculty of Economics and Bussines Administration)

  • Sarlea Mihaela

    () (Babes Bolyai University, Faculty of Economics and Bussines Administration)

Abstract

Higher education system occupies a special place in the policy of each nation. Regardless of geographical location, socio-economic or cultural differences, the need to improve the education offered for population by facilitating access to higher education becomes more and more important. Providing a suitable framework for the personal development of each student is expensive and involves high amounts of money. From the analyses carried out we couldn\'t identify the substantial differences between the way it is structured and organized education system worldwide. However, we were able to identify a number of common elements that create a global University System. The need to invest in human resources through structural reforms in each country is present, and therefore a higher indention to pay greater attention to the development of the higher education system. In our work we decided to analyze education systems in countries like United States of America (USA), United Kingdom (GB), China (CHN), Germany (DE), France (FR), Russian Federation (RU), Japan (JPN) average values recorded for EU-27 and last but not least Romania (RO). Although the investment in the University system is hard to quantify, it is unanimously acknowledged that a country can achieve a competitive advantage in international relations through a very well prepared and trained personnel. The countries reviewed in this paper have different policies when it comes to financial support of the University System. If Germany and France have decided to get involved directly in supporting the system by allocating the necessary funds from the State budget, another European country, the United Kingdom, decided to apply a policy diametrically opposite, similar to that existing in the USA and cover in a lesser degree the needs of universities in Government funds. Regardless of the policy adopted the results are intended to be the same: facilitating access to university education, a high quality of teaching and research process, greater mobility among teachers and students and last but not least, scientific and academic recognition worldwide. However, these reforms, even if they are creating value in an initial stage, over the long term can negatively affect the social situation of the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Ciumas Cristina & Manta Stefan George & Sarlea Mihaela, 2013. "Comparative Analysis Of Global Tertiary Educational Systems," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 856-866, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ora:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:1:p:856-866
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    university system; quality; financing; unemployment; perspectives;

    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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