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Konvergenz, Produktionsintegration und Spezialisierung in Europa seit 1995

Author

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  • Robert Stehrer

Abstract

Die Entwicklung Österreichs infolge des EU-Beitritts am 1. Jänner 1995 ist im Zusammenhang mit dem beginnenden europäischen Integrationsprozess infolge der Osteuropaöffnung zu sehen. Wesentliche Aspekte dieses Integrationsprozesses waren die (i) Umstrukturierungs- und Aufholprozesse der osteuropäischen Länder (ii) die Einbindung in europäische und globale Wertschöpfungsketten und die damit einhergehende Entwicklung der Handelsströme und ausländischen Direktinvestitionen und (iii) die sich ergebende Entwicklung der Spezialisierungs- und Agglomerationsmuster innerhalb Europas. Aufgrund der geographischen, aber auch politischen Lage Österreichs zwischen West und Ost stellte der EU-Beitritt sowohl eine große Herausforderung als auch Chance dar. Die vorliegende Studie zeichnet die Entwicklung Österreichs entlang dieser Dimensionen im europäischen Kontext nach und diskutiert die daraus folgenden zukünftigen Herausforderungen.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Stehrer, 2020. "Konvergenz, Produktionsintegration und Spezialisierung in Europa seit 1995," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q1-Q2/20, pages 49-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2020:i:q1-q2/20:b:2
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    File URL: https://www.oenb.at/dam/jcr:3e7ab028-a084-453b-9428-a229bf37b180/05_MOP_Q1_2_20_Konvergenz.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sandra M. Leitner & Robert Stehrer, 2019. "The Automatisation Challenge Meets the Demographic Challenge: In Need of Higher Productivity Growth," wiiw Working Papers 171, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    2. Neil Foster-McGregor & Mario Holzner & Michael Landesmann & Johannes Pöschl & Robert Stehrer & Roman Stöllinger, 2013. "A ‘Manufacturing Imperative’ in the EU – Europe's Position in Global Manufacturing and the Role of Industrial Policy," wiiw Research Reports 391, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    3. Richard Grieveson & Sandra M. Leitner & Robert Stehrer, 2019. "EU Faces a Tough Demographic Reckoning," wiiw Policy Notes 30, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    4. Paul Baker & Neil Foster-McGregor & Koenen Johannes & Sandra M. Leitner & Julia Schricker & Robert Stehrer & Thomas Strobel & Jurgen Vermeulen & Hans-Günther Vieweg & Anastasia Yagafarova, 2015. "The Relation between Industry and Services in Terms of Productivity and Value Creation," wiiw Research Reports 404, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    5. Marcel P. Timmer & Erik Dietzenbacher & Bart Los & Robert Stehrer & Gaaitzen J. Vries, 2015. "An Illustrated User Guide to the World Input–Output Database: the Case of Global Automotive Production," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pages 575-605, August.
    6. Amat Adarov & Robert Stehrer, 2019. "Implications of Foreign Direct Investment, Capital Formation and its Structure for Global Value Chains," wiiw Working Papers 170, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    7. Michael Landesmann & Roman Stöllinger, 2020. "The European Union’s Industrial Policy: What are the Main Challenges?," wiiw Policy Notes 36, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    8. Amat Adarov & Robert Stehrer, 2019. "Tangible and Intangible Assets in the Growth Performance of the EU, Japan and the US," wiiw Research Reports 442, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU Integration; Osteuropaöffnung; Aufholprozess; Wertschöpfungsketten;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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