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How large are competitive pressures in services markets?: Estimation of mark-ups for selected OECD countries


  • Novella Bottini
  • Margit Molnár


Mark-ups can provide valuable information on competitive pressures in various sectors of the economy, reflecting pressures stemming from rules of conduct imposed by regulators as well as those arising from such factors as trade and FDI or increasing consumer demands in terms of price and quality. This study estimates mark-ups for services industries in European OECD members and its novelty is that it i) allows for non-constant returns to scale, ii) jointly estimates mark-ups for all sectors and in all countries and iii) estimates mark-ups at a detailed level of sectoral disaggregation. The estimation is done for the period 1993-2006 and uses firm level data of the Amadeus database. In general, the estimated mark-ups are higher for professional services, real estate, renting and utilities, while they tend to be substantially lower for construction, computer services, retail and wholesale trade and catering. There is also large variation across countries in terms of the sizes of the estimated mark-ups. Competitive pressures according to these mark-ups should be large in the United Kingdom and most Scandinavian countries, and relatively small in Central European countries, Sweden and Italy.

Suggested Citation

  • Novella Bottini & Margit Molnár, 2010. "How large are competitive pressures in services markets?: Estimation of mark-ups for selected OECD countries," OECD Journal: Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2010(1), pages 1-51.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecokac:5kmh5x5dbkf8

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Polemis & Panagiotis Fotis, 2016. "Measuring the Magnitude of Significant Market Power in the Manufacturing and Services Industries: A Cross Country Approach," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 51-79, March.
    2. Christen, Elisabeth & Francois, Joseph & Hoekman, Bernard, 2012. "CGE modeling of market access in services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6106, The World Bank.
    3. Michael L. Polemis & Aikaterina Oikonomou, 2016. "Does regulation affect market power? Evidence from Greek SMEs," SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, University of Piraeus, vol. 66(4), pages 43-60, October-D.
    4. Ana Cristina Soares & João Amador, 2012. "Competition in the Portuguese Economy:An overview of classical indicators," Working Papers w201208, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    5. João Amador & Ana Cristina Soares, 2012. "Competition in the Portuguese Economy: a view on tradables and non-tradables," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    6. Dellis, Konstantinos & Sondermann, David, 2017. "Lobbying in Europe: new firm-level evidence," Working Paper Series 2071, European Central Bank.
    7. repec:kap:jincot:v:17:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10842-017-0245-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Christen, Elisabeth & Francois, Joseph & Hoekman, Bernard, 2013. "Computable General Equilibrium Modeling of Market Access in Services," Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling, Elsevier.
    9. Michael L. Polemis, 2014. "Panel Data Estimation Techniques and Mark Up Ratios," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 69-84.
    10. Tamminen, Saara & Han-Hsin Chang, 2012. "Company heterogeneity and mark-up variability," Working Papers 32, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    11. Gabler Alain, 2011. "Sector-Specific Markup Fluctuations and the Business Cycle: A Cross-Country Analysis," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-32, December.

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