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Valuation Approaches and Metrics: A Survey of the Theory and Evidence

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  • Damodaran, Aswath
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    Valuation lies at the heart of much of what we do in finance, whether it is the study of market efficiency and questions about corporate governance or the comparison of different investment decision rules in capital budgeting. In this paper, we consider the theory and evidence on valuation approaches. We begin by surveying the literature on discounted cash flow valuation models, ranging from the first mentions of the dividend discount model to value stocks to the use of excess return models in more recent years. In the second part of the paper, we examine relative valuation models and, in particular, the use of multiples and comparables in valuation and evaluate whether relative valuation models yield more or less precise estimates of value than discounted cash flow models. In the final part of the paper, we set the stage for further research in valuation by noting the estimation challenges we face as companies globalize and become exposed to risk in multiple countries.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0500000013
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    Article provided by now publishers in its journal Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 8 (April)
    Pages: 693-784

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    Handle: RePEc:now:fntfin:0500000013
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.nowpublishers.com/

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