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Changes in the productivity of banks situated in Poland during the years preceding the financial crisis


  • Katarzyna Chudy

    (Rzeszow University of Technology)

  • Marek Sobolewski

    () (Rzeszow University of Technology)

  • Kinga Stępień

    (Rzeszow University of Technology)


The aim of this analysis is the assessment of productivity changes of banks performing in Poland in the years 1996−2007. The analysis comprises 27 biggest banks which performed their activities in the above mentioned period of time. The level of productivity was assessed by the means of non--parametrical DEA method. In particular, we assessed how the level of productivity in banks being examined has changed depending on the profile of their activity. To assess the changes of bank productivity during the time two ideas were applied. The first approach we set indicators of technical efficiency supposing that the cross-time data create one set of data. This allows us to make direct comparisons of the banks examined in a period of time. The second approach was based upon the methodology of defining Malmquist indexes for changes in annual productivity. Then we examined the accordance of productivity changes made on the base of the two approaches.

Suggested Citation

  • Katarzyna Chudy & Marek Sobolewski & Kinga Stępień, 2012. "Changes in the productivity of banks situated in Poland during the years preceding the financial crisis," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 43(2), pages 5-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbp:nbpbik:v:43:y:2012:i:2:p:5-24

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sherman, H. David & Gold, Franklin, 1985. "Bank branch operating efficiency : Evaluation with Data Envelopment Analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 297-315, June.
    2. Canhoto, Ana & Dermine, Jean, 2003. "A note on banking efficiency in Portugal, New vs. Old banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(11), pages 2087-2098, November.
    3. Xavier Freixas & Jean-Charles Rochet, 1997. "Microeconomics of Banking," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262061937, January.
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    productivity; DEA; financial crisis; Polish banks;


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