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What can we and can't we infer from the recourse to the deposit facility?

Author

Listed:
  • J. Boeckx

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

  • Ide,S.

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

Abstract

In the wake of the two longer-term refinancing operations with a maturity of three years conducted in December 2011 and February 2012, amounts placed on the Eurosystem’s deposit facility surged to unprecedented high levels of around € 800 billion. The article clarifies how this high recourse to the deposit facility should be interpreted. First, daily changes in the amounts being placed on the deposit facility should not necessarily be interpreted as daily changes in stress on the interbank market as there is a seasonal pattern in the use of the deposit facility. That seasonal pattern stems from the fact that Eurosystem counterparties have to meet a reserve requirement on an average basis. Hence, it is better to watch the money market liquidity surplus, defined as the sum of the recourse to the deposit facility and the current account holdings in excess of the required reserves, as a proxy for the central bank’s intermediation role on the money market. Second, high recourse to the deposit facility is an automatic corollary to increased central bank liquidity provision because the relationship between the central bank and commercial banks can be seen as a closed system. Hence, as illustrated by some examples, large amounts being placed on the deposit facility are not informative as to whether or not the liquidity is actually “being put to use”, for instance, to grant credit to the non-financial sector or to pay back maturing bank debt. A number of examples illustrate this.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Boeckx & Ide,S., 2012. "What can we and can't we infer from the recourse to the deposit facility?," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue i, pages 31-37, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbb:ecrart:y:2012:m:june:i:i:p:31-37
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    File URL: https://www.nbb.be/doc/oc/repec/ecrart/ecorevi2012_h2.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Luc Aucremanne & Jef Boeckx & Olivier Vergote, 2007. "The liquidity management of the Eurosystem during the period of financial turmoil," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 27-41, December.
    2. N. Cordemans & S. Ide, 2012. "Monetary policy in the United States and the euro area during the crisis," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue i, pages 39-63, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. M. Kasongo Kashama, 2016. "Helicopter money and debt-financed fiscal stimulus : one and the same thing ?," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 31-40, December.
    2. M. Kasongo Kashama, 2014. "The how and why of a negative rate for the deposit facility," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue ii, pages 102-111, September.
    3. J. Boeckx, 2012. "What is the role played by the Eurosystem during the financial crisis ?," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue ii, pages 7-28, September.
    4. Naim Cordemans & Ide Stefaan, 2014. "Normalisation of monetary policy : prospects and divergences," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 29-52, December.
    5. N. Cordemans & S. Ide, 2012. "Monetary policy in the United States and the euro area during the crisis," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue i, pages 39-63, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Eurosystem; deposit facility; monetary policy implementation;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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