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Technology gap, real wages, and learning in a balance-of-payments---constrained growth model


  • Gabriel Porcile
  • Marcus Dutra
  • Antonio Meirelles


This paper argues that in developing countries, higher real wages---up to a certain critical point---may enhance the ability of workers to learn from and improve on foreign technology, with positive effects on international competitiveness and on the rate of economic growth consistent with current account equilibrium. Countries whose institutions severely hamper the increase in real wages could be trapped in a low-wage, slow-growth equilibrium. But learning opportunities derived from higher real wages are not boundless. Policies aimed at improving income distribution should be complemented by policies aimed at fostering the international diffusion of technology in order to sustain economic growth in the long run. These interactions between real wages and learning are studied within the context of a balance-of-payments---constrained growth model including two countries (North and South) with different levels of technological development.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriel Porcile & Marcus Dutra & Antonio Meirelles, 2007. "Technology gap, real wages, and learning in a balance-of-payments---constrained growth model," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(3), pages 473-500.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:postke:v:29:y:2007:i:3:p:473-500
    DOI: 10.2753/PKE0160-3477290306

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Sheffrin,Steven M., 1996. "Rational Expectations," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521479394, March.
    3. Solow,Robert M., 1998. "Monopolistic Competition and Macroeconomic Theory," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521626163, March.
    4. William A. Brock & Steven N. Durlauf, 1999. "A formal model of theory choice in science," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 14(1), pages 113-130.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "Balance of payments constrained growth models: history and overview," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 307-351.
    2. repec:nov:artigo:v:27:y:2017:i:1:p:7-34 is not listed on IDEAS

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