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Internationalization of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises from Selected Central European Economies

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  • Marjan SvetliÄiÄ
  • Andreja JakliÄ
  • Anže Burger

Abstract

This paper examines differences in outward foreign direct investment (FDI) activity between small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) and large enterprises in five Central European economies (CEEs). The effects of firm size on motives, barriers, and the competitive advantages of outward investment are examined by surveying 180 firms. Employment effects are examined on a single country. The results indicate more similarities than differences in internationalization patterns and prove SMEs to be capable of internationalization strategies. Similar to large CEE firms, SMEs' investment abroad is mainly market seeking. Both groups of firms identified similar barriers, but SMEs face larger financial and capacity problems. Their larger counterparts enjoy superiority in marketing and production capabilities, but, on average, lack the agility needed for swift and efficient market entry. As SMEs frequently target specialized niches, their main competitive advantages are technological know-how, organizational flexibility, and closer relationships with their customers. Larger competitors, apart from technological know-how, rely on the benefits arising from scale economies and marketing. Home-country employment effects of SMEs are positive and larger than they are for large firms. Our empirical results show that differences found in theoretical propositions and previous empirical studies apply, to a large degree, to companies from CEEs, though the specific characteristics of both types of firms and the intensity of differences are not yet as pronounced as they are in other developed countries, which is to some extent a transition-specific phenomenon. The differences identified suggest adaptations in support policy programs for SME internationalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Marjan SvetliÄiÄ & Andreja JakliÄ & Anže Burger, 2007. "Internationalization of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises from Selected Central European Economies," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 36-65, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:eaeuec:v:45:y:2007:i:4:p:36-65
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    Cited by:

    1. Cantner, Uwe & Günther, Jutta & Hassan, Sohaib Shahzad & Jindra, Björn, 2013. "Outward FDI from the Central and Eastern European Transition Economies – A Discrete Choice Analysis of Location Choice within the European Union," MPRA Paper 51817, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Jun 2013.
    2. Desislava I. Yordanova, 2016. "Differences between Bulgarian Family and Non-family Businesses: A Multivariate Logit Approach," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, pages 779-789.
    3. repec:spr:eurasi:v:7:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s40821-017-0073-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Sumit Majumdar, 2011. "Scalability versus flexibility: firm size and R&D in Indian industry," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 101-116, February.
    5. repec:krk:eberjl:v:3:y:2015:i:4:p:49-72 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Desislava I. Yordanova, 2016. "Differences between Bulgarian Family and Non-family Businesses: A Multivariate Logit Approach," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 779-789.
    7. Dikova, Desislava & Jaklič, Andreja & Burger, Anže & Kunčič, Aljaž, 2016. "What is beneficial for first-time SME-exporters from a transition economy: A diversified or a focused export-strategy?," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 185-199.
    8. Cantner, Uwe & Günther, Jutta & Hassan, Sohaib Shahzad & Jindra, Björn, 2013. "Outward FDI from Central and East European Transition Economies – A discrete choice analysis of location within the EU," MPRA Paper 51804, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Aug 2013.

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