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Oil and U.S. GDP: A Real-Time Out-of-Sample Examination

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  • FRANCESCO RAVAZZOLO
  • PHILIP ROTHMAN

Abstract

We study the real‐time predictive content of crude oil prices for U.S. real GDP growth through a pseudo out‐of‐sample (OOS) forecasting exercise. Comparing our benchmark model “without oil” against alternatives “with oil,” we strongly reject the null hypothesis of no OOS population‐level predictability from oil prices to GDP at the longer forecast horizon we consider. This examination of the global OOS relative performance of the models we consider is robust to use of ex post revised data. But when we focus on the forecasting models’ local relative performance, we observe strong differences across use of real‐time and ex post revised data.
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  • Francesco Ravazzolo & Philip Rothman, 2013. "Oil and U.S. GDP: A Real-Time Out-of-Sample Examination," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(2-3), pages 449-463, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:45:y:2013:i:2-3:p:449-463
    DOI: jmcb.12009
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    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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