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Analysis of the Educational Statistics of the Sudanese Secondary Certificate (English version)


  • A.W. Mohamed ISSAM

    () (Professor of Economics, Alneelain University, Khartoum-Sudan. P.O. Box 12910-11111)


In the past two decades many voices were raised calling for corrections, restructuring and improvements of the Sudanese educational system. Complaints focused on the weakness of university students. However, their weaknesses were traced back to the elementary, secondary and high secondary educational phases. Economic restrains, lack of facilities and meager numbers of qualified instructors were pointed out as the prime causes. However, in this paper we hypothesize that besides those reasons basic impediments were entrenched in the whole educational system. The metamorphosis the Sudanese educational system has foreseen in the early 1970s and 1990s have distorted students knowledge base. Changing the system into purely Arabic based and partially abolishing English language weakened a well-known and strong system Sudan has known for generations. The current paper analyzes those effects and review some parameters to contain them. It is concluded here that interventions by lowering the students’ pass mark rates have affected their knowledge and education capabilities. That gave them false sense of passing from an educational phase to another. However, the result is worse knowledge transferred into another educational phase and then to the university. The result is like Zeno or Achilles paradox and a worse graduate education.

Suggested Citation

  • A.W. Mohamed ISSAM, 2011. "Analysis of the Educational Statistics of the Sudanese Secondary Certificate (English version)," Revista romaneasca pentru educatie multidimensionala - Journal for Multidimensional Education, Editura Lumen, Department of Economics, vol. 7, pages 33-142, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:lum:rev1rl:v:7:y:2011:i::p:33-142

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    Sudan; Education; Metamorphosis; Knowledge Transfer; Pass Marks; Weakened Structure; Destabilization.;

    JEL classification:

    • A23 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Graduate
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions


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