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Technology transfer perspectives in globalising India (drugs and pharmaceuticals and biotechnology)


  • S. Agarwal


  • Ashwani Gupta


  • R. Dayal



The paper briefly outlines the status of technology transfer related issues in drugs & pharma and biotechnology sectors in India. The paper also outlines the contemporary business strategies including R&D and technology transfer models. The study indicates that present technology transfer policies and mechanisms are weak and need to be restructured. The current fiscal incentives and tax concessions etc. available for R&D in industry seem to have outlived and are no longer attractive because of continuous lowering of tariff rates and tax rates in the context of WTO and liberalization of policies. Moreover, the issue of R&D support to industry is not covered in the WTO as in case of subsidies. Therefore, it is advisable for the government to revisit the existing promotional measures for R&D. FDI policies also need to be tailored to encourage Technology transfers and capability building. Recommendations are made for making Technology Transfer more effective for the growth and competitiveness of the industry. A technology transfer management model is suggested. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Suggested Citation

  • S. Agarwal & Ashwani Gupta & R. Dayal, 2007. "Technology transfer perspectives in globalising India (drugs and pharmaceuticals and biotechnology)," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 32(4), pages 397-423, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:32:y:2007:i:4:p:397-423
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-006-9025-8

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    Cited by:

    1. Schmiele, Anja, 2009. "Drivers for international innovation activities in developed and emerging countries," ZEW Discussion Papers 09-064, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Basant, Rakesh & Srinivasan, Shuchi, 2015. "Intellectual Property Protection in India and Implications for Health Innovation: Emerging Perspectives," IIMA Working Papers WP2015-04-01, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    3. Anja Schmiele, 2012. "Drivers for international innovation activities in developed and emerging countries," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 37(1), pages 98-123, February.

    More about this item


    Technology; R&D; Drugs & pharma; Biotechnology; Competitiveness; Policy; WTO; Incentives; Globalization; Model; Technology transfer; O33;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes


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