Nurturing the Whole Person: The Ethics of Workplace Spirituality in a Society of Organizations
In a world which can be increasingly described as a â€œsociety of organizations,â€\x9D it is incumbent upon organizational researchers to account for the role of organizations in determining the well-being of societies and the individuals that comprise them. Workplace spirituality is a young area of inquiry with potentially strong relevance to the well-being of individuals, organizations, and societies. Previous literature has not examined ethical dilemmas related to workplace spirituality that organizations might expect based upon the co-existence of multiple ethical work climates, nor has previous literature accounted for the relevance of the cosmopolitan (external, societal) source of moral reasoning in the ethical treatment of workplace spirituality. The purpose of this paper is to address these gaps by articulating two such ethical dilemmas related to workplace spirituality: the â€œquiet desperationâ€\x9D dilemma and the instrumentality dilemma. Moreover, I propose two theoretical contexts that foster â€œboth-andâ€\x9D rather than â€œeither-orâ€\x9D thinking, thereby mitigating (moderating) the relationships between climate combinations and conflictual aspects of the ethical dilemmas. For the â€œquiet desperationâ€\x9D dilemma, I propose a personâ€“organization fit perspective to emphasize diversity of individual preferences instead of a managerially prescribed uniformity of spirituality. For the instrumentality dilemma, I propose a multiparadigm approach to workplace spirituality research to avoid the privileging of one research interest over another (e.g., instrumentality, individual fulfillment, societal good). I conclude with suggestions for future research. Copyright Springer 2006
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