A Note on the Effect of Transactions Costs on Real Estate Investment Return
In this paper we develop a model that demonstrates the effect of transaction costs on measuring returns to real estate. Our model reveals that studies not adjusting for transaction costs will overstate risk-adjusted returns. Accordingly, at least part of the reported mean-variance superiority of real estate over investments in corporate or government securities may be due to failing to consider transaction costs. We also illustrate the extent to which the inclusion of transaction costs equalizes mean-variance for investments in real estate and securities.
Volume (Year): 6 (1991)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Kenneth M. Lusht, 1988. "The Real Estate Pricing Puzzle," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 16(2), pages 95-104.
- Constantinides, George M, 1986.
"Capital Market Equilibrium with Transaction Costs,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 842-862, August.
- W. B. Brueggeman & A. H. Chen & T. G. Thihodeau, 1984. "Real Estate Investment Funds: Performance and Portfolio Considerations," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 12(3), pages 333-354.
- Merton, Robert C., 1987.
"A simple model of capital market equilibrium with incomplete information,"
1869-87., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
- Merton, Robert C, 1987. " A Simple Model of Capital Market Equilibrium with Incomplete Information," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(3), pages 483-510, July.
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