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The labor market in India since the 1990s

Author

Listed:
  • Indraneel Dasgupta

    (Indian Statistical Institute, India, and IZA, Germany)

  • Saibal Kar

    (Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, India, and IZA, Germany)

Abstract

The Indian economy entered an ongoing process of trade liberalization, domestic deregulation, and privatization of public sector units in 1991. Since then, per capita output has increased significantly, while the overall unemployment rate has remained low. However, labor force participation rates have fallen sharply, especially for women. In addition, youth unemployment remains stubbornly high, an overwhelming proportion of the labor force continues to work in the informal sector, and there is little evidence of a sustained rise in wages for either unskilled rural or factory workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Indraneel Dasgupta & Saibal Kar, 2018. "The labor market in India since the 1990s," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 425-425, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izawol:journl:y:2018:n:425
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    wage rate; unemployment; labor force participation rate; India;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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