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Production Lines and Internal Storage--A Review


  • Ernest Koenigsberg

    (Touche, Niven, Bailey and Smart, San Francisco, California)


An analysis and review of the basic problems associated with the efficient operation of production and assembly lines, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of internal storage. Three basic approaches are discussed: (a) loss transfer (fractions of losses due to stoppage are transferred to succeeding stages) (b) stochastic (distribution of durations of working and down states of each stage leading to determination of state probabilities) (c) queue (treating production lines or queue systems with limitations on size of queue between stages) The concept of the cyclic queue is reviewed and discussed in production line terms (i.e., following a frame or jig through its cycles). The approaches are compared and industrial illustrations are given. The methods discussed apply to problems which, in physical appearance, are different from production lines; among these are chemical production, overhaul and repair systems, etc. A review of the field indicates that considerably more research and analysis is required.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernest Koenigsberg, 1959. "Production Lines and Internal Storage--A Review," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 5(4), pages 410-433, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:5:y:1959:i:4:p:410-433
    DOI: 10.1287/mnsc.5.4.410

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    Cited by:

    1. Federico Nuñez-Piña & Joselito Medina-Marin & Juan Carlos Seck-Tuoh-Mora & Norberto Hernandez-Romero & Eva Selene Hernandez-Gress, 2018. "Modeling of Throughput in Production Lines Using Response Surface Methodology and Artificial Neural Networks," Complexity, Hindawi, vol. 2018, pages 1-10, January.
    2. George Liberopoulos & George Kozanidis & Panagiotis Tsarouhas, 2007. "Performance Evaluation of an Automatic Transfer Line with WIP Scrapping During Long Failures," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 9(1), pages 62-83, December.
    3. Mehmet Ulaş Koyuncuoğlu & Leyla Demir, 2021. "A comparison of combat genetic and big bang–big crunch algorithms for solving the buffer allocation problem," Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, Springer, vol. 32(6), pages 1529-1546, August.
    4. Papadopoulos, H. T. & Heavey, C., 1996. "Queueing theory in manufacturing systems analysis and design: A classification of models for production and transfer lines," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 1-27, July.
    5. Helber, Stefan, 1998. "Decomposition of unreliable assembly/disassembly networks with limited buffer capacity and random processing times," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 24-42, August.
    6. Thiago Cantos Lopes & Celso Gustavo Stall Sikora & Adalberto Sato Michels & Leandro Magatão, 2020. "Mixed-model assembly lines balancing with given buffers and product sequence: model, formulation comparisons, and case study," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 286(1), pages 475-500, March.
    7. Sachs, F.E. & Helber, S. & Kiesmüller, G.P., 2022. "Evaluation of Unreliable Flow Lines with Limited Buffer Capacities and Spare Part Provisioning," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 302(2), pages 544-559.

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