Assembly Line Balancing with Multiple Stations
A case is stated for extending the techniques of assembly line balancing to provide for the parallel operation of identical stations, where this leads to a reduction in idle time. The practical implications of operating with this type of system are discussed, both for the stations themselves and the line as a whole, with reference to various classifications of assembly line, and ways in which balancing can be made to fit into an overall strategy for production line design are touched upon. Two distinct types of computer program have been developed to enable multiple stations to become a recognised feature incorporated into "heuristic" line balancing, rather than an appendage to be applied ad hoc by industrial engineers when current techniques have proven inadequate. One approach is based on a more sophisticated version of the `positional weight' method while the other relies on the contrasting philosophy of the "random generation" method, and a comparison is made of their relative success in solving two assembly line problems, and their potential from an industrial viewpoint.
Volume (Year): 20 (1974)
Issue (Month): 6 (February)
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