IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Regional economic integration and trade: an empirical evaluation of NAFTA and EU

  • Shunsuke Managi
  • Hironori Kawajiri
  • Tetsuya Tsurumi

Generally, trade flows of commodities are determined on the basis of the principle of comparative advantage in a free trade system. The objectives of this study are to evaluate factors affecting the export flows and to provide a comprehensive analysis of the effects of trade enhancing and resisting factors used by exporting countries on world trade. The gravity model has been used to evaluate bilateral trade flows of 93 commodity-level trade flows over 1996 to 2001 between pairs of countries. Our results show that North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is more effective in increasing export flows than European Union (EU), and the effects of regional economic integrations are more effective for agricultural commodities than non-agricultural commodities.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd in its journal Int. J. of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology.

Volume (Year): 4 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-23

in new window

Handle: RePEc:ids:ijarge:v:4:y:2005:i:1:p:1-23
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ids:ijarge:v:4:y:2005:i:1:p:1-23. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Graham Langley)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.