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Forms to Express an Independent Auditor's Opinion according to the Results of Compulsory and Initiative Audit in Ukraine

Author

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  • Viktoriya Fabiianska

    (Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine)

Abstract

The preparation of the audit report is an extremely important stage of the audit. The audit report is a documentary evidence of the independent auditor's opinion on the reliability and compliance of accounting data and financial reporting indicators of an economic entity according to the current legislation. The purpose of the article is to investigate the audit reports based on the results of the compulsory and initiative audit and to assess the possibility of the type of audit influence (compulsory and initiative) on the modification of the independent auditor's opinion. The objectives of the auditor were disclosed in accordance with the International Standards on Auditing, one of which is the expression of the auditor's opinion in a written report. The history of the International Standards on Auditing in the part of the name, form and structure of the auditor's final document was studied. The norms of the International Standards on Auditing that regulate the procedure for drafting an audit report and expressing of an auditor's opinion were analyzed. The concept of unmodified and modified auditor's opinion and the circumstances under which such an opinion should be expressed were disclosed. The influence of the modified auditor's opinion on the structure of the audit report was evaluated. The grounds under which the auditor includes explanatory paragraphs in the audit report were defined. It was clarified that the inclusion of explanatory paragraphs in the audit final document is not a modification of the auditor's opinion. Based on the analysis of the reports of the Audit Chamber of Ukraine on the specific structure of audit reports on the results of compulsory and initiative audit, it was established that the largest share of modification of the auditor's opinion was observed based on the results of the compulsory audit. The main reason for this condition is the high level of demands of audit firms in the audit. Since enterprises, which are subject to compulsory audit, are objects of increased public interest.

Suggested Citation

  • Viktoriya Fabiianska, 2018. "Forms to Express an Independent Auditor's Opinion according to the Results of Compulsory and Initiative Audit in Ukraine," Accounting and Finance, Institute of Accounting and Finance, issue 2, pages 102-110, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:iaf:journl:y:2018:i:2:p:102-110
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Oleh Pasko, 2013. "Transformation of Auditor's Report Structure, Content and Scope in International Standards on Auditing," Accounting and Finance, Institute of Accounting and Finance, issue 1, pages 80-91, March.
    2. Steven Mong & Peter Roebuck, 2005. "Effect of audit report disclosure on auditor litigation risk," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 45(1), pages 145-169, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    audit report; unmodified auditor's opinion; modified auditor's opinion; International Standards on Auditing; compulsory audit; initiative audit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M42 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Auditing

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