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Towards Resolving Local Community and Protected Area Management Conflicts: Lessons from the Chitsa community and Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe


  • Muboko, Never
  • Bradshaw, Gavin J


Conservation-based conflicts between the Chitsa community and Gonarezhou National Park in the south-east lowveld of Zimbabwe remain unresolved. Using historical records, structured interviews and key informant interviews we assess the respondents' positions on three issues; whether the key drivers to the Chitsa/GNP conflict remain consistent over time, the effects of the human settlement in the GNP on biodiversity conservation, and reactions to the proposed game fence designed to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts. Overall, our results indicate no significant changes on respondents' attitudes on key drivers to the Chitsa/GNP conflict between 2000 and 2012. Human settlement in the park threaten conservation efforts, and mixed views on the proposed game fence are observed. We conclude that attitudes towards the key conflict drivers to the Chitsa/GNP conflict remain largely consistent over the study period and activities threatening conservation efforts increased in the park due to human settlement.

Suggested Citation

  • Muboko, Never & Bradshaw, Gavin J, 2018. "Towards Resolving Local Community and Protected Area Management Conflicts: Lessons from the Chitsa community and Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe," International Journal of Development and Conflict, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, vol. 8(2), pages 62-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:gok:ijdcv1:v:8:y:2018:i:2:p:62-79

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Samantha Jones, 2006. "A political ecology of wildlife conservation in Africa," Review of African Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(109), pages 483-495, September.
    2. Paul Andre DeGeorges & Brian Kevin Reilly, 2009. "The Realities of Community Based Natural Resource Management and Biodiversity Conservation in Sub-Saharan Africa," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 1(3), pages 1-55, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Walter Musakwa & Trynos Gumbo & Gaynor Paradza & Ephraim Mpofu & Nesisa Analisa Nyathi & Ntlakala B. Selamolela, 2020. "Partnerships and Stakeholder Participation in the Management of National Parks: Experiences of the Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe," Land, MDPI, vol. 9(11), pages 1-17, October.
    2. Walter Musakwa & Ephraim Mpofu & Nesisa Analisa Nyathi, 2020. "Local Community Perceptions on Landscape Change, Ecosystem Services, Climate Change, and Livelihoods in Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(11), pages 1-19, June.

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