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The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products

  • Marlia M. Hanafiah

    ()

    (Department of Environmental Science, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Department of Environmental Science, School of Environmental & Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia)

  • Mark A.J. Huijbregts

    ()

    (Department of Environmental Science, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands)

  • A. Jan Hendriks

    ()

    (Department of Environmental Science, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands)

Registered author(s):

    The ecological footprint (EF) commonly neglects the influence of other stressors than land use and CO 2 emissions on the land area required for human activities. This study analyzes the relevancy of including nutrients and non-CO 2 greenhouse gases in the EF assessment of products. The analysis was based on environmental information for 1,925 goods and services. Our findings suggest that within specific product categories, i.e. , waste treatment processes, bio-based energy, agricultural products and chemicals, adding non-CO 2 greenhouse gases and nutrient emissions can have a dominant influence on the EF results.

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    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (April)
    Pages: 963-979

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:4:p:963-979:d:7815
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    1. van den Bergh, Jeroen C. J. M. & Verbruggen, Harmen, 1999. "Spatial sustainability, trade and indicators: an evaluation of the 'ecological footprint'," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 61-72, April.
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