The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products
The ecological footprint (EF) commonly neglects the influence of other stressors than land use and CO 2 emissions on the land area required for human activities. This study analyzes the relevancy of including nutrients and non-CO 2 greenhouse gases in the EF assessment of products. The analysis was based on environmental information for 1,925 goods and services. Our findings suggest that within specific product categories, i.e. , waste treatment processes, bio-based energy, agricultural products and chemicals, adding non-CO 2 greenhouse gases and nutrient emissions can have a dominant influence on the EF results.
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- van den Bergh, Jeroen C. J. M. & Verbruggen, Harmen, 1999. "Spatial sustainability, trade and indicators: an evaluation of the 'ecological footprint'," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 61-72, April.
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