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A Hybrid Tool for Visual Pollution Assessment in Urban Environments

Author

Listed:
  • Khydija Wakil

    () (Department of Urban & Regional Planning, National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Islamabad H-12, Pakistan)

  • Malik Asghar Naeem

    () (Department of Urban & Regional Planning, National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Islamabad H-12, Pakistan)

  • Ghulam Abbas Anjum

    () (Department of City & Regional Planning, University of Engineering & Technology (UET), Lahore 54000, Pakistan)

  • Abdul Waheed

    () (Department of Urban & Regional Planning, National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Islamabad H-12, Pakistan)

  • Muhammad Jamaluddin Thaheem

    () (Department of Construction Engineering, National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Islamabad H-12, Pakistan)

  • Muhammad Qadeer ul Hussnain

    () (Department of Urban & Regional Planning, National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Islamabad H-12, Pakistan)

  • Raheel Nawaz

    () (Department of Operations, Technology, Events and Hospitality Management, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M13 9PL, UK)

Abstract

With increasing focus on more nuanced aspects of quality of life, the phenomenon of urban visual pollution has been progressively gaining attention from researchers and policy makers, especially in the developed world. However, the subjectivity and complexity of assessing visual pollution in urban settings remain a challenge, especially given the lack of robust and reliable methods for quantification of visual pollution. This paper presents a novel systematic approach for the development of a robust Visual Pollution Assessment (VPA) tool. A key feature of our methodology is explicit and systematic incorporation of expert and public opinion for listing and ranking Visual Pollution Objects (VPOs). Moreover, our methodology deploys established empirical complex decision-making techniques to address the challenge of subjectivity in weighting the impact of individual VPOs. The resultant VPA tool uses close-ended options to capture the presence and characteristics of various VPOs on a given node. Based on these inputs, it calculates a point based visual pollution scorecard for the observation point. The performance of the VPA tool has been extensively tested and verified at various locations in Pakistan. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such tool, both in terms of quantitative robustness and broad coverage of VPOs. Our VPA tool will help regulators in assessing and charting visual pollution in a consistent and objective manner. It will also help policy makers by providing an empirical basis for gathering evidence; hence facilitating evidence-based and evidence-driven policy strategies, which are likely to have significant impact, especially in the developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Khydija Wakil & Malik Asghar Naeem & Ghulam Abbas Anjum & Abdul Waheed & Muhammad Jamaluddin Thaheem & Muhammad Qadeer ul Hussnain & Raheel Nawaz, 2019. "A Hybrid Tool for Visual Pollution Assessment in Urban Environments," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-16, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:8:p:2211-:d:222273
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ernest H. Forman & Saul I. Gass, 2001. "The Analytic Hierarchy Process---An Exposition," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 49(4), pages 469-486, August.
    2. Mwana N. Mawapanga & David L. Debertin, 1996. "Choosing between Alternative Farming Systems: An Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 18(3), pages 385-401.
    3. Sung-Ho Kil & Dong Kun Lee & Jun-Hyun Kim & Ming-Han Li & Galen Newman, 2016. "Utilizing the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Establish Weighted Values for Evaluating the Stability of Slope Revegetation based on Hydroseeding Applications in South Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(1), pages 1-17, January.
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:1:p:58:d:61917 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Belton, Valerie, 1986. "A comparison of the analytic hierarchy process and a simple multi-attribute value function," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 7-21, July.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:1:p:-:d:61917 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Visual Pollution Assessment (VPA); Visual Pollution Objects (VPOs); Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP); urban visual pollution; urban areas; evidence based policy; urban planning;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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