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Evidence from the bond market on banks’ “Too-Big-to-Fail” subsidy

Author

Listed:
  • Santos, Joao A. C.

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

Abstract

Using information on bonds issued over the 1985-2009 period, this study finds that the largest banks have a funding advantage over their smaller peers. This advantage may not be entirely attributable to investors’ belief that the largest banks are “too big to fail,” because the study also finds that the largest nonbanks, as well as the largest nonfinancial corporations, have a cost advantage relative to their smaller peers. However, a comparison across the three groups reveals that the funding advantage enjoyed by the largest banks is significantly larger than that available to the largest nonbanks and nonfinancial corporations. This difference is consistent with the hypothesis that investors believe the largest banks to be too big to fail.

Suggested Citation

  • Santos, Joao A. C., 2014. "Evidence from the bond market on banks’ “Too-Big-to-Fail” subsidy," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Dec, pages 29-39.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednep:00009
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Senkarcin, Matej, 2015. "German Landesbanks in the Post-guarantee Reality," Working Papers 15-14, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    2. Zaghini, Andrea, 2016. "Fragmentation and heterogeneity in the euro-area corporate bond market: Back to normal?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 51-61.
    3. Hirtle, Beverly, 2016. "Public disclosure and risk-adjusted performance at bank holding companies," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Aug, pages 151-173.
    4. Brei, Michael & Ferri, Giovanni & Gambacorta, Leonardo, 2018. "Financial structure and income inequality," CEPR Discussion Papers 13330, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Riccardo Ferretti & Giovanni Gallo & Andrea Landi & Valeria Venturelli, 2018. "Market-Book Ratios of European Banks: What Does Explain the Structural Fall?," Centro Studi di Banca e Finanza (CEFIN) (Center for Studies in Banking and Finance) 18011, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    6. Sarmiento, Miguel & Galán, Jorge E., 2017. "The influence of risk-taking on bank efficiency: Evidence from Colombia," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 52-73.
    7. Javed Ahmed & Christopher Anderson & Rebecca Zarutskie, 2015. "Are the Borrowing Costs of Large Financial Firms Unusual?," Working Papers 15-10, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    8. Zaghini, Andrea, 2019. "The CSPP at work: Yield heterogeneity and the portfolio rebalancing channel," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 282-297.
    9. Andrea Zaghini, 2014. "Bank Bonds: Size, Systemic Relevance and the Sovereign," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 161-184, June.
    10. Götz, Martin & Krahnen, Jan Pieter & Tröger, Tobias, 2017. "Five years after the Liikanen Report: What have we learned?," SAFE White Paper Series 50, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    11. Philippon, Thomas, 2016. "The FinTech Opportunity," CEPR Discussion Papers 11409, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. repec:kap:jfsres:v:53:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10693-016-0261-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Zaghini, Andrea, 2017. "A tale of fragmentation: Corporate funding in the euro-area bond market," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 59-68.
    14. Randall Kroszner, 2016. "A Review of Bank Funding Cost Differentials," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 49(2), pages 151-174, June.
    15. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Bermpei, Theodora, 2016. "What is the effect of unconventional monetary policy on bank performance?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 239-263.
    16. Bernadette A. Minton & René M. Stulz & Alvaro G. Taboada, 2017. "Are Larger Banks Valued More Highly?," NBER Working Papers 23212, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bond spreads; Too-big-to-fail;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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