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Capitale umano dei fondatori, endogeneità del finanziamento pubblico e crescita delle giovani imprese hi-tech italiane


  • Barbara Ermini


This paper presents an empirical analysis of the determinants of the growth of 510 Italian NTBF during the time span 1990-2001. Firstly, it considers the relation among growth, size and age of firms. Secondly, it focuses on the role that human capital of founders and selective public funds play in determining firm growth addressing the consequences of potential endogeneity of public subsides to human capital of founders. Results show that smaller firms grow quickly. Contrary to common evidence, age impact positively on firm growth; industry-specific characteristics can explain this result. Firm growth is also influenced by those characteristics of founders related to their "vocational" attitude, as proxied by the academical choice, and to their inter-industry work experience. Once correcting for potential endogeneity of public subsides, we demonstrate that they do not favor the growth of NTBFs. There is evidence of self-selection on the access to public subsides by the most capable founders.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbara Ermini, 2008. "Capitale umano dei fondatori, endogeneità del finanziamento pubblico e crescita delle giovani imprese hi-tech italiane," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2008(96), pages 73-107.
  • Handle: RePEc:fan:steste:v:html10.3280/ste2008-096003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 2000. "The theory of endowment, intra-industry and multi-national trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 209-234, December.
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    4. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1998. "Multinational firms and the new trade theory," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 183-203, December.
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    6. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship


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