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Lavoro e sistema di ricompense: il caso delle cooperative sociali italiane


  • Roberta Troisi
  • Marco Musella


Labour and Incentives: The Italian Social Cooperatives Case (by Marco Musella, Roberta Troisi) - This paper tries to contribute to the debate about the nature of job relationship in social cooperative enterprise. The essay has been focused on an incentive system tied to the work activity, which should be richer if compared to its traditional shape in economics. This different incentive system has been presented in terms of demand of incentives from the workers and supply of them from enterprises. Moreover with the aim of enhancing the design of incentive system the paper has drawn on organization theory ideas of incentives as alternative to control when the work activity is hard to keep under control. In this line, it has tried to demonstrate the effectiveness of an incentive system based on the two following assumptions: first of all, where the nature of the performance both as effort and outcome makes the control unsuitable, it is better to turn the process of monitoring into a process which effectively eliminates goal incongruence between individuals. Besides, a way to eliminate this incongruence, can count on an incentive system which has as point of reference the effort instead of the outcome, and is relied upon a demonstrated incentive to self-control. JEL Classification: D64, D23, J32, L31, M54

Suggested Citation

  • Roberta Troisi & Marco Musella, 2007. "Lavoro e sistema di ricompense: il caso delle cooperative sociali italiane," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2007(93), pages 71-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:fan:steste:v:html10.3280/ste2007-093004

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 2000. "The theory of endowment, intra-industry and multi-national trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 209-234, December.
    2. Jung-Soo Seo & Jong-Soon Kang & Deok-Ki Kim, 2002. "Intra-Industry Foreign Direct Investment and Intra-Industry Trade in Korea," Asia Pacific Economic Papers 329, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    3. Balassa, Bela & Bauwens, Luc, 1987. "Intra-industry Specialisation in a Multi-country and Multi-industry Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(388), pages 923-939, December.
    4. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1998. "Multinational firms and the new trade theory," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 183-203, December.
    5. Reganati, Filippo, 2002. "Intra-Industry Trade and International Production in the Italian Manufacturing Sector: A Case for Testing the Theory," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 55(2), pages 229-257.
    6. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Caves, Richard E, 1981. "Intra-Industry Trade and Market Structure in the Industrial Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 203-223, July.
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    9. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
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    11. Rudolf Loertscher & Frank Wolter, 1980. "Determinants of intra-industry trade: Among countries and across industries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 116(2), pages 280-293, June.
    12. David Hummels & James Levinsohn, 1995. "Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(3), pages 799-836.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers
    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management


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