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Análisis estructural de la economía mexicana para el año 2008

Author

Listed:
  • Luz Dary Beltrán Jaimes

    () (Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Escuela Superior de Economía, Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Ciudad de México, México.)

  • Manuel Alejandro Cardenete Flóres

    () (Departamento de Economía, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, España.)

  • María del Carmen Delgado López

    () (Departamento de Economía, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, España.)

  • Gaspar Núñez Rodríguez

    () (Centro de Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, A.C., Ciudad de México, México.)

Abstract

Identificar sectores productivos, capaces de impulsar la economía, es fundamental para diseñar políticas. Este trabajo analiza la estructura de la economía mexicana con modelos lineales de equilibrio general, que están basados en una matriz de contabilidad social. Primero, realizamos un análisis de sectores clave, a fin de determinar efectos directos, indirectos e inducidos, con una descomposición de multiplicadores. Luego, elaboramos un paisaje tridimensional de la economía e identificamos los multiplicadores de empleo. Finalmente, analizamos la distribución ingreso-gasto de los hogares. Entre otros resultados, los sectores más importantes resultaron ser las actividades comerciales; con menos importancia para la economía, están los sectores de la construcción, servicios de esparcimiento, electricidad, agua y gas, corporativos y minería.

Suggested Citation

  • Luz Dary Beltrán Jaimes & Manuel Alejandro Cardenete Flóres & María del Carmen Delgado López & Gaspar Núñez Rodríguez, 2016. "Análisis estructural de la economía mexicana para el año 2008," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 1-38, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxv:y:2016:i:1:p:1-38
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pyatt, F Graham & Round, Jeffery I, 1979. "Accounting and Fixed Price Multipliers in a Social Accounting Matrix Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(356), pages 850-873, December.
    2. Clemente Polo & D. Roland-Holst & Ferrán Sancho, 1991. "Descomposición de multiplicadores en un modelo multisectorial: una aplicación al caso español," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 15(1), pages 53-69, January.
    3. Hector Ruiz Ramirez, 2010. "Crisis Financiera Mundial: Impacto En La Economía Mexicana," Observatorio de la Economía Latinoamericana, Grupo Eumed.net (Universidad de Málaga), issue 136, August.
    4. Pyatt, Graham, 1988. "A SAM approach to modeling," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 327-352.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Matrices de contabilidad social; Multiplicadores lineales; Matrices Insumo-producto;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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