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The issuance of convertible bonds and earnings management: evidence from Taiwan

Author

Listed:
  • Ruey-Dang Chang
  • Yee-Chy Tseng
  • Ching-Ping Chang

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine whether companies engage in earnings management during the specific years when convertible bonds are issued and redeemed; also to determine if any differences exist in earnings management when convertible bonds are issued domestically or abroad. Design/methodology/approach - Discretionary current accruals are adopted as proxies for earnings management and the regression models are used to control the related variables. Findings - The empirical results indicate that companies conduct earnings management in the years when convertible bonds are issued, and that there is no significant difference between earnings management when convertible bonds are issued in Taiwan or abroad. However, data after 2001 indicate that companies issuing convertible bonds abroad perform less earnings management compared to those issuing convertible bonds domestically. The results show no significant difference in earnings management in the years when convertible bonds are redeemed; the reasons may be due to the relatively small sample size and that the majority of convertible bonds are still outstanding. Originality/value - This paper advances findings from previous studies, that firms conducting seasoned equity offerings manage earnings upward to increase the offering proceeds. This paper highlights the linkage between convertible bonds and earnings management. Conducting an integrated analysis of the relationship between convertible bonds and earnings management, it aims to provide a better understanding of the process.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruey-Dang Chang & Yee-Chy Tseng & Ching-Ping Chang, 2010. "The issuance of convertible bonds and earnings management: evidence from Taiwan," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 9(1), pages 65-87, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:rafpps:v:9:y:2010:i:1:p:65-87
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Craig M. Lewis & Richard J. Rogalski & James K. Seward, 1999. "Is Convertible Debt a Substitute for Straight Debt or for Common Equity?," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 28(3), Fall.
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    10. Rangan, Srinivasan, 1998. "Earnings management and the performance of seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 101-122, October.
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