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The link between regional integration agreements, trade flows and economic crisis: A static and dynamic gravity model


  • Bassem Kahouli
  • Samir Maktouf


Purpose - – This paper aims to use the approach based on the application of the law of gravity for the study of the flows of export and the effects of the RTAs. Design/methodology/approach - – In this paper, the authors evaluate the effects of RTAs on exports between members and non-members taking into account the Vinerian specification. The authors also try to estimate the impact of the recent economic crisis on the flows of export and the success of the RTAs. The authors use a model of static and dynamic gravity for 40 countries and six RTAs during the period 1980-2011. Findings - – Definitely the proliferation of RTAs will continue to be one of the driving forces that will constitute the political system and the global economy in the following years. It indicates a process that implies the merger of economies separated in bigger regions of free trade. Regional integration is seen as beneficial in many senses and is the major economic objectives in addition to presenting a stabilizing factor in international relations. Originality/value - – The gravity model is estimated using the last techniques of panel data which takes into account the endogeneity of the effects of integration and the existence of dynamic effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Bassem Kahouli & Samir Maktouf, 2014. "The link between regional integration agreements, trade flows and economic crisis: A static and dynamic gravity model," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 13(1), pages 35-58, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijdipp:v:13:y:2014:i:1:p:35-58

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    Cited by:

    1. Ramasamy Murugesan & Murugesan Poovendhan, 2016. "Analysis of factors determining the inward FDI in top seven Indian states from top seven source countries using gravity model," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 11(3), pages 209-230.
    2. Sayef Bakari & Sofien Tiba, 2019. "The Impact of Trade Openness, Foreign Direct Investment and Domestic Investment on Economic Growth: New Evidence from Asian Developing Countries," Economic Research Guardian, Weissberg Publishing, vol. 9(1), pages 46-54, June.
    3. My Duong & Mark J. Holmes & Anna Strutt & Steven Lim, 2019. "Effects of Trade Agreements and Foreign Direct Investment on Trade: Evidence from Vietnam," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 9(3), pages 116-126.
    4. Yoon Heo & Nguyen Khanh Doanh, 2020. "Is NAFTA Trade‐Creating or Trade‐Diverting? A System GMM Approach," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 39(3), pages 222-238, September.
    5. Shahriar, Saleh & Qian, Lu & Kea, Sokvibol, 2018. "China's economic integration with the Greater Mekong Sub-region: An empirical analysis by a panel dynamic gravity model," Economics Discussion Papers 2018-44, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. Kahouli, Bassem, 2017. "The short and long run causality relationship among economic growth, energy consumption and financial development: Evidence from South Mediterranean Countries (SMCs)," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 19-30.
    7. de Frutos, Pablo & Rodriguez-Prado, Beatriz & Latorre, Joaquín & Martinez-Peña, Fernando, 2019. "A Gravity Model to Explain Flows of Wild Edible Mushroom Picking. A Panel Data Analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 164-173.

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