Networks, middlemen and other (urban) labour market mysteries
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the roles of social networks and intermediares in recruitment and as instruments to Design/methodology/approach - After reviewing the literature, a simple agency model is introduced to suggest new ways to identify whether networks and middlemen alleviate incentive problems in labour relations. Findings - Studies of disparities in labour market access and outcomes are usually anchored in ideas of discrimination. A key insight is that the access to and performance of urban labour markets depend critically on the specific “services” networks and intermediaries extend to workers and employers. This adds an important complication to the evaluation of opportunities for income diversification through rural-urban migration. Under some circumstances, both “institutions” may give rise to strong and persistent exclusion that is likely to vary systematically across sectors of the urban economy. In other circumstances, access restrictions can be remedied through simple policy interventions. Originality/value - This paper introduces a new and important dimension to the study of urban labour markets as level playing fields.
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Volume (Year): 3 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
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