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Cambio climático y agricultura: una revisión de la literatura con énfasis en América Latina


  • López, Alejandro J.

    (División de Economía, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE))

  • Hernández, Danae

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad de California, Santa Barbara)


The increment in greenhouse gas emissions and its effect on climate is such that the need for the agricultural sector to adapt seems inevitable. However, given that adaptive measures are limited, it is possible that climate change will affect food availability and increase price volatility. This essay presents a synthesis of the evidence of the effects that climate change has on the agricultural sector, with a special emphasis on Latin America. This revision makes it clear that the effects are going to be heterogeneous and that they could very well be costly. Therefore, public policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions while at the same time promoting adaptive measures to climate change, are essential. The essay concludes with some considerations on future research topics that could contribute to the design of said public policies.// El incremento en la concentración de gases de efecto invernadero es tal que parece inevitable que se presenten cambios en el clima, los cuales forzarán al sector agrícola a tomar medidas de adaptación. Sin embargo, las capacidades de adaptación son limitadas y por lo tanto es muy probable que el cambio climático afecte la disponibilidad y acceso a alimentos e incremente la volatilidad de los precios. En este artículo se presenta una síntesis de la evidencia de los efectos del cambio climático sobre el sector, con énfasis en América Latina. La revisión deja en claro que los efectos serán heterogéneos y que además pueden ser sumamente cuantiosos. Resulta entonces necesario contar con políticas públicas enfocadas en la mitigación de los gases de efecto invernadero, promoviendo al mismo tiempo la adaptación ante el cambio climático. El artículo concluye con algunas consideraciones sobre temas para investigación futura que puedan contribuir al diseño de dichas políticas públicas.

Suggested Citation

  • López, Alejandro J. & Hernández, Danae, 2016. "Cambio climático y agricultura: una revisión de la literatura con énfasis en América Latina," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(332), pages .459-496, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:83:y:2016:i:332:p:459-496

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    agricultura; adaptación; cambio climático;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming


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