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Crecimiento económico y medio ambiente en México

Listed author(s):
  • Gómez-López, Claudia S.

    (Universidad de Guanajuato)

  • Barrón Arreola, Karla S.

    (Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit)

  • Moreno Moreno, Luis

    (Universidad Autónoma de Baja California)

This article performs an analysis of the relationship that exists between economic growth and the environment in the 32 states of the Mexican Republic. The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) suggests that there is indeed a relationship between economic growth and the environment. As economies come to enjoy greater economic growth, so environmental degradation becomes apparent, and once a certain level of growth is reached, the willingness to pay to conserve the environment increases. In the case of the Mexican economy, by applying convergence analysis using cross-sectional panel data we find that: i) there exists β-convergence as regards trees planted, protected natural areas, environmental licenses and the volume of water treatment in per capita levels; ii) there is no evidence of σ-convergence in the environmental variables for the states of the Mexican economy, except in protected natural areas, trees planted and environmental licenses; iii) no relation-ship is to be found between economic growth and the increase in the care taken of environmental variables, except for the volume of waste collected and the volume of sewage; iv) the results suggest that the environment is not a priority issue in the Mexican economy according to the EKC hypothesis.// El artículo hace un análisis de la relación entre crecimiento económico y medio ambiente para las 32 entidades federativas de la República Mexicana. La curva ambiental de Kuznets (CAK) sugiere la existencia de una relación entre crecimiento económico y medio ambiente. A medida que las economías disfrutan un mayor crecimiento económico, se presenta una degradación ambiental y una vez que se alcanza cierto crecimiento, aumenta la disponibilidad a pagar por la conservación del medio ambiente. En el caso de la economía mexicana, al aplicar el análisis de convergencia por medio de datos de corte transversal y datos de panel, se encuentra que: i) existe β convergencia en árboles plantados, áreas naturales protegidas, licencias ambientales y volumen de tratamiento de aguas en sus niveles per capita; ii) no hay evidencia de σ-convergencia en las variables medio ambientales para los estados de la economía mexicana, excepto en áreas naturales protegidas, árboles plantados y licencias ambientales; iii) no existe una relación entre crecimiento económico y aumento en el cuidado de las variables medioambientales, excepto para el volumen de recolección de basura y el volumen de aguas residuales; iv) los resultados sugieren que el medio ambiente no está entre las prioridades de la economía mexicana de acuerdo con la hipótesis de la CAK.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVIII (3) (2011)
Issue (Month): 311 (julio-septiembre)
Pages: 547-582

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:78:y:2011:i:311:p:547-582
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