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Cambios demográficos y estructura salarial

Listed author(s):
  • Espinoza, Ricardo A.

    (Escuela de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes)

  • Paredes, Ricardo D.

    (Escuela de Ingeniería, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile y CEPPE)

We decompose the Chilean labor force according to a sex, age and schooling classification, to analyze the dynamics of these groups and its associated wage structure Using data for the period 1965-2005, we find degrees of substitution and complementariness among types of workers. We find important changes in the labor force composition and in wage structure. In particular, we found a strong sensitivity of male wages to a resetting of the labor force, and a strong substitution between young men and women with high level of education. The results allow us to project the wage structure for the near future, expecting a reduction in the returns of high education and also a fall in gender wage gap.// Este artículo descompone la fuerza de trabajo chilena de acuerdo con una clasificación por grupos de género, edad y escolaridad. Usando datos del periodo 1965-2005, determinamos grados de sustitución y complementariedad entre diferentes grupos de trabajadores. Encontramos grandes cambios en la composición de la oferta laboral, una importante reestructuración de los salarios y logramos establecer relaciones funcionales entre tipos de trabajadores. En particular, hallamos que existe una mayor sensibilidad de los salarios de los hombres a una recomposición de la fuerza laboral y una gran relación de sustitución entre hombres y mujeres jóvenes con alta escolaridad. Los resultados permiten proyectar la estructura salarial frente a una recomposición de la oferta laboral, la que sugiere una disminución de los rendimientos a la educación superior y una reducción de la brecha salarial entre hombres y mujeres.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVII (2) (2010)
Issue (Month): 306 (abril-junio)
Pages: 343-362

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:77:y:2010:i:306:p:343-362
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