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Liberación comercial y convergencia regional del ingreso en México


  • Gómez, Manuel

    (Universidad de Guanajuato)

  • Ventosa-Santaulària, Daniel

    (Universidad de Guanajuato)


We study the hypothesis of convergence amongst Mexican regions since 1940 with special interest in the post-trade liberalization period. A time-series analysis shows that difference in income levels between the capital and the rest of the regions tend to narrow over time. Using the concept of deterministic and stochastic convergence, we describe the characteristics of the growth pattern for each of the regions. We find evidence that supports the hypothesis that trade reforms reversed de convergence process of some regions, especially those less developed. Results further suggest that there is not statistical evidence to affirma that liberalization did contribute to income convergence between the U.S. and Mexico border regions.// En este estudio se analiza la hipótesis de convergencia entre regiones de la República Mexicana desde 1940, con particular interés en el periodo posterior a la liberación económica. Un análisis de series de tiempo muestra que la diferencia en ingreso per cápita entre la región capital y cada una del resto de las regiones tiende a disminuir a lo largo del tiempo. Usando los conceptos de convergencia determinista y estocástica, describimos las características de crecimiento de cada una de las regiones. Encontramos evidencia para afirmar que las reformas comerciales de mediados de los años ochenta afectaron negativamente el proceso de convergencia de algunas regiones, sobre todo las más pobres. Además, no existe evidencia estadística para afirmar que la liberación favoreció significativamente la convergencia entre las regiones fronterizas de México y los Estados Unidos.

Suggested Citation

  • Gómez, Manuel & Ventosa-Santaulària, Daniel, 2009. "Liberación comercial y convergencia regional del ingreso en México," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(301), pages 215-235, enero-mar.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:301:p:215-235

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    Cited by:

    1. Germán-Soto, Vicente, 2005. "Generación del producto interno bruto mexicano por entidad federativa, 1940-1992," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(287), pages 617-653, julio-sep.
    2. Brock, Gregory & German-Soto, Vicente, 2013. "Regional industrial growth in Mexico: Do human capital and infrastructure matter?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 228-242.

    More about this item


    acercamiento sistemático (catching-up); convergencia; tendencia determinista; raíz unitaria;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics


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