IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

¿Son siempre las universidades la mejor opción para un título profesional? Evidencia chilena


  • Meller, Patricio

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad de Chile)

  • Rappoport, David

    (Banco Central de Chile)


In this article we question the notion that the knowledge and abilities provided by professional institutes are necessarily lower than those of universities. In order to do so we compare labor incomes of their graduates correcting several methodological problems of previous studies that compare universities and other alternatives of higher education. Specifically, we compare programs given simultaneously by universities and professional institutes and use real cohorts instead of artificial ones. Our results refute the available evidence about labor income which suggests a relative dominance of universities over professional programs. An interesting result obtained is that controlling for the quality of the students received, the return to education at professional institutes is between 4 and 9 percentage points higher than the return to education at universities.// En este artículo se cuestiona el planteamiento de que los conocimientos y capacidades proporcionados por los institutos profesionales (IP) serían inferiores a los de universidades. Para esto se comparan los ingresos laborales de los egresados lo que resuelve varios problemas metodológicos presentes en los trabajos previos que comparan Universidades y otras opciones de educación superior. Específicamente, se comparan carreras impartidas simultáneamente por universidades e IP y se utilizan cohortes reales en lugar de artificiales. Los resultados obtenidos refutan las pruebas hasta ahora disponibles que sugerían una dominancia relativa de las universidades sobre otras opciones de educación superior. Uno de los resultados interesantes obtenidos es que al controlar por la calidad de los estudiantes admitidos el rendimiento de los estudios en IP es entre 4 y 9 puntos porcentuales superior respecto a los universitarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Meller, Patricio & Rappoport, David, 2008. "¿Son siempre las universidades la mejor opción para un título profesional? Evidencia chilena," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(300), pages 897-929, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:300:p:397-929

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    educación superior; institutos profesionales; ingresos;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:300:p:397-929. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Nuria Pliego). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.