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¿Son siempre las universidades la mejor opción para un título profesional? Evidencia chilena

Author

Listed:
  • Meller, Patricio

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad de Chile)

  • Rappoport, David

    (Banco Central de Chile)

Abstract

In this article we question the notion that the knowledge and abilities provided by professional institutes are necessarily lower than those of universities. In order to do so we compare labor incomes of their graduates correcting several methodological problems of previous studies that compare universities and other alternatives of higher education. Specifically, we compare programs given simultaneously by universities and professional institutes and use real cohorts instead of artificial ones. Our results refute the available evidence about labor income which suggests a relative dominance of universities over professional programs. An interesting result obtained is that controlling for the quality of the students received, the return to education at professional institutes is between 4 and 9 percentage points higher than the return to education at universities.// En este artículo se cuestiona el planteamiento de que los conocimientos y capacidades proporcionados por los institutos profesionales (IP) serían inferiores a los de universidades. Para esto se comparan los ingresos laborales de los egresados lo que resuelve varios problemas metodológicos presentes en los trabajos previos que comparan Universidades y otras opciones de educación superior. Específicamente, se comparan carreras impartidas simultáneamente por universidades e IP y se utilizan cohortes reales en lugar de artificiales. Los resultados obtenidos refutan las pruebas hasta ahora disponibles que sugerían una dominancia relativa de las universidades sobre otras opciones de educación superior. Uno de los resultados interesantes obtenidos es que al controlar por la calidad de los estudiantes admitidos el rendimiento de los estudios en IP es entre 4 y 9 puntos porcentuales superior respecto a los universitarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Meller, Patricio & Rappoport, David, 2008. "¿Son siempre las universidades la mejor opción para un título profesional? Evidencia chilena," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(300), pages 897-929, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:300:p:397-929
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20430/ete.v75i300.422
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    File URL: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com.mx/index.php/te/article/view/422/467
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    educación superior; institutos profesionales; ingresos;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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