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Efectos multiplicadores de las actividades productivas en el ingreso y pobreza rural en México

Author

Listed:
  • Yúnez Naude, Antonio

    (El Colegio de México)

  • González Andrade, Salvador

    (El Colegio de la Frontera Norte)

Abstract

Based on a multisectoral approach, the article presents results of our estimations about the possible effects of changes in rural production on rural households’ income and on rural poverty. We do this by building an aggregated social accounting matrix of ten villages in Mexico characterized by the high levels of poverty faced by most of their households, and by applying a multiplier decomposition method. Our results show that, within the five major productive activities of rural households, commercial crop production is the activity having the higher income multiplier and poverty reduction effects. We also find that basic crops (corn) production has high production and interdependent multiplier effects. With these results we suggest measures than can contribute to reduce rural poverty.// Nuestro propósito es estimar a partir de un enfoque multisectorial, los efectos en el ingreso de los hogares rurales y en la pobreza rural que podrían traer consigo cambios en sus actividades productivas. Para ello usamos una matriz de contabilidad social agregada de diez comunidades rurales mexicanas caracterizadas por la pobreza, en la que se encuentra la mayor parte de sus hogares y aplicamos la técnica de descomposición de multiplicadores. Los resultados muestran que, dentro de las cinco actividades productivas de los hogares rurales, la agricultura comercial tiene los efectos multiplicadores más altos en su ingreso y en la disminución de la pobreza. Por su parte, la producción de cultivos básicos (maíz) tiene grandes enlaces de producción y de interdependencia. A partir de estos resultados hacemos sugerencias de medidas que puede contribuir al combate a la pobreza rural.

Suggested Citation

  • Yúnez Naude, Antonio & González Andrade, Salvador, 2008. "Efectos multiplicadores de las actividades productivas en el ingreso y pobreza rural en México," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(298), pages 349-377, abril-jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:298:p:349-377
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20430/ete.v75i298.405
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    File URL: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com.mx/index.php/te/article/view/405/450
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    social accounting matrix; exogenous injection; multipliers decomposition; households; poverty; matriz de contabilidad social; inyección exógena; descomposición de multiplicadores; hogares; ingreso; pobreza;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • Y - Miscellaneous Categories
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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