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El efecto de los salarios mínimos en los ingresos laborales de México


  • Kaplan, David S.

    (Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM))

  • Pérez Arce Novaro, Francisco

    (Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM))


This paper analyzes the effect of minimum wages on the income of workers in Mexico. Using panel data from the National Urban Employment Survey (ENEU) and from the administrative records of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), this paper shows that changes in the real minimum wage induce changes in the same direction on wages in the Mexican labor market. This effect is weaker (although positive) the higher the income of the worker. It is also shown that the effect was stronger in the period comprising 1985-1993 than in the period comprising 1994-2001, suggesting that this effect is losing strength.// Este artículo analiza el efecto de los salarios mínimos en los ingresos laborales en México. Con paneles de datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Urbano (ENEU) y con los registros administrativos del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) se muestra qué cambios en el salario mínimo real tienen un efecto de signo positivo en el cambio de los ingresos laborales para todos los grupos salariales. El efecto es más débil en los trabajadores que ganan varias veces el monto del salario mínimo. También se muestra que este efecto era más grande en el periodo que abarca de 1985 a 1993 que entre 1994 y 2001, lo cual sugiere que este efecto está perdiendo fuerza.

Suggested Citation

  • Kaplan, David S. & Pérez Arce Novaro, Francisco, 2006. "El efecto de los salarios mínimos en los ingresos laborales de México," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(289), pages 139-173, enero-mar.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:73:y:2006:i:289:p:139-173

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    More about this item


    salario mínimo; rigidez en los salarios nominales; ingreso laboral;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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