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El efecto de las desigualdades socioeconómicas en el sistema educativo español


  • Jorge Calero

    (Universidad de Barcelona e Institut d’economia de Barcelona)

  • Álvaro Choi

    (Universidad de Barcelona e Institut d’economia de Barcelona)


The aim of this article is determining how socio-economic inequalities affect educational trajectories and results in Spain. More specifically, we select two aspects: the risk of school failure and early school leaving. We analyze the effect of socio-economic background on both, taking into account they define, to a large extent, the possibilities of individuals in the area of education and training. In order to do so, two logistic regression models are estimated. In them, the diversity of means through which background inequalities work is highlighted. In the model applied to the risk of school failure, a series of school-level variables, additionally to the personal and family characteristic variables, are included. Aiming at providing a historical perspective to the effect of socio-economic inequalities on the educational results, the article also includes an analysis of the intergenerational transmission of educational qualifications. This analysis is applied to seven age groups of persons who were born between 1940 and 1975.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Calero & Álvaro Choi, 2012. "El efecto de las desigualdades socioeconómicas en el sistema educativo español," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 81(03), pages 83-108.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekz:ekonoz:2012305

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Blazsek, Szabolcs & Escribano, Alvaro, 2010. "Knowledge spillovers in US patents: A dynamic patent intensity model with secret common innovation factors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 14-32, November.
    2. repec:hal:journl:peer-00732533 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Mikel Navarro Arancegui, 2009. "Los sistemas regionales de innovación. Una revisión crítica," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 70(01), pages 25-59.
    4. Vincent Frigant & Damien Talbot, 2005. "Technological Determinism and Modularity: Lessons from a Comparison between Aircraft and Auto Industries in Europe," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 337-355.
    5. Dosi, Giovanni, 1993. "Technological paradigms and technological trajectories : A suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of technical change," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 102-103, April.
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    More about this item


    school failure; early school leaving; PISA; educational mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement


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